Abstracts (first author)

Talk 

Mosaic genomes in time and space revealed by large-scale targeted sequencing in Mytilus mussels

Author(s): Fraisse C, Welch J, Belkhir K, Bierne N

Summary:

Marine species with high rates of dispersal have often had complex histories of fragmentation and colonization. These can subtly modify the genomic barriers to gene flow between hybridizing populations, leading to mosaic patterns of genetic divergence. The Mytilus complex of marine mussels exemplifies these processes, as it includes populations with a wide range of divergences, and has a world-wide distribution, which has led to multiple independent contacts between the same species pairs in different ecological contexts. To understand patterns of genomic divergence in Mytilus, we conducted a large-scale targeted genomic capture experiment, investigating fine-scale variation in genetic diversity. Our target genomic regions included islands of divergence and valleys of introgression identified from Fst scans and BAC sequencing, as well as randomly chosen controls. Each region was sequenced in twelve genetic backgrounds from three Mytilus species, distributed throughout the northern hemisphere. By studying variation in gene genealogies, our results illustrate how genome mosaicism varies in time and space. We also compare nuclear coding genes of known function (including immunity, cyto-nuclear interactions and nucleoporins) to randomly chosen control genes.


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Contacts

Chairman: Octávio S. Paulo
Tel: 00 351 217500614 direct
Tel: 00 351 217500000 ext22359
Fax: 00 351 217500028
email: mail@eseb2013.com

Address

XIV Congress of the European Society for Evolutionary Biology

Organization Team
Department of Animal Biology (DBA)
Faculty of Sciences of the University of Lisbon
P-1749-016 Lisbon
Portugal

Website

Computational Biology & Population Genomics Group 
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