Abstracts (first author)

Talk 

The role of phenotypic plasticity in the response of species to environmental change: a reciprocal transplantation of five grasses species along an altitudinal gradient

Author(s): Till-Bottraud I, Grassein F, Lavorel S

Summary:

Alpine environments are particularly susceptible to environmental changes associated to global warming. The response of species to such environmental changes depends on the relative importance of adaptive variation and phenotypic plasticity. We describe here a reciprocal transplantation experiment of five species across two elevation sets. We measured the response to transplantation and the effect of the surrounding vegetation on survival and biomass as a proxy for plant fitness. Survival and biomass varied according to the elevation of transplantation and to the presence (or absence) of surrounding vegetation, indicating high phenotypic plasticity. On the other hand, although we detected significant differentiation between populations in several species, we found no indication of local adaptation of plants to their population of origin suggesting that phenotypic plasticity is high enough to allow individuals to occupy different environmental conditions. The presence of surrounding vegetation facilitated the survival in stressful conditions while we observed competition for growth at more favorable sites (low elevation). The large response of species in our experiment, together with similar results from other experiments in the same environment, indicates that phenotypic plasticity is an important component of plant adaptation along an altitudinal gradient and is an important component of the response to environmental changes for plants that remain in the same sites as well as an advantage for colonizing new favorable habitats.



Contacts

Chairman: Octávio S. Paulo
Tel: 00 351 217500614 direct
Tel: 00 351 217500000 ext22359
Fax: 00 351 217500028
email: mail@eseb2013.com

Address

XIV Congress of the European Society for Evolutionary Biology

Organization Team
Department of Animal Biology (DBA)
Faculty of Sciences of the University of Lisbon
P-1749-016 Lisbon
Portugal

Website

Computational Biology & Population Genomics Group 
Close