Abstracts (coauthor)

Anthropogenic disturbances on the development and physiology of marine species

Author(s): Mills, SC, Beldade R, Bernardi G, Bigot L, Chabanet P, Holles S, Mourrier J, O'Donnell J, Planes S, Radford A, Simpson S

Summary:

Natural and human-induced disturbances across aquatic and terrestrial habitats affect a broad range of species and communities causing declines in both biodiversity and population abundance. Whilst habitat disturbances are known to affect species’ distributions, phenology and physiology, less is known about the effects on development and stress physiology, especially for marine species. We investigated how a range of disturbances, mainly anthropogenic, affected the development and stress physiology of different tropical marine species. We will describe how two different habitat disturbances, the 1998 global bleaching event that reduced live coral cover and chronic boat noise, increased levels of the teleost stress hormone, cortisol in the skunk anemonefish and three-spot damselfish respectively. We will also describe how shark- and ray-feeding dive sites interact with insulin and gonadal steroid hormones of the black-tipped reef shark. Finally, we will describe how chronic boat noise slows sea hare embryonic development and reduces veliger hatching success. We will discuss how these varying habitat disturbances could impact reproduction and survival, highlighting their consequences for population dynamics.

Contacts

Chairman: Octávio S. Paulo
Tel: 00 351 217500614 direct
Tel: 00 351 217500000 ext22359
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email: mail@eseb2013.com

Address

XIV Congress of the European Society for Evolutionary Biology

Organization Team
Department of Animal Biology (DBA)
Faculty of Sciences of the University of Lisbon
P-1749-016 Lisbon
Portugal

Website

Computational Biology & Population Genomics Group 
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