Abstracts (first author)

Poster 

Mechanisms of balancing selection for antibiotic resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae

Author(s): Cobey S, Lipsitch M

Summary:

Selection for antibiotic resistance shapes the evolution of many human pathogens, and understanding how resistant phenotypes arise and spread remains a challenge for evolutionary models. Streptococcus pneumoniae, or pneumococcus, is a common asymptomatic colonizer of the human nasopharynx. Over the past few decades, strains of pneumococcus have emerged that are resistant to several major classes of antibiotics. Curiously, the resistant phenotypes appear to be stably coexisting with sensitive strains. Previous models have suggested that such coexistence is unlikely in the absence of implausibly high levels of population structure or intra-strain competition. Here, we use a computational model that explicitly incorporates known mechanisms of immune-mediated competition to evaluate these and other hypotheses. We find an expanded set of scenarios that support balancing selection, several of which may shape the coexistence of resistant and sensitive strains in other species.



Contacts

Chairman: Octávio S. Paulo
Tel: 00 351 217500614 direct
Tel: 00 351 217500000 ext22359
Fax: 00 351 217500028
email: mail@eseb2013.com

Address

XIV Congress of the European Society for Evolutionary Biology

Organization Team
Department of Animal Biology (DBA)
Faculty of Sciences of the University of Lisbon
P-1749-016 Lisbon
Portugal

Website

Computational Biology & Population Genomics Group 
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